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英语三级作文议论文开头句型
发布时间:2018.10.30    新闻来源:东方教育网,全国计算机等级考试、全国英语等级考试无锡伊斯特教育考试中心   浏览次数:

  我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我们颇有必要在作文的开头花一番心思。
  在写议论文时,你通常以什么样的方式开头呢?最简单也最常用的可能就是开门见山法。也就是说——直截了当地提出你对这个问题的观点,点出文章的中心思想。
  I....has both advantages and disadvantages.……既有利又有弊。例如:
  1Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages
  2Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages
  3Compared with carsbikes have their advantages and disadvantages
  举一反三:
  1Although computers bring people a lot of conveniencethey have many disadvantages
  2....has many advantagesFor example,...Howeverjust as every coin has two sides,...has its disadvantages.(本例将利弊分开讲,转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背诵。)

  II....playsan important role part in...……在……中扮演重要角色/起重要作用。例如:
  1Computers play an important role in science and technology
  2Computers play a more and more important role in our
  life
  Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies
  3Education plays an important part in developing our mind
  4Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness 
  举一反三:
  1Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life
  2In the pastletters played a decisive role in long-distance communicationBut now telephoneemailfax have taken their place

  IIIWith the development of...,随着……的发展,例如:
  1With the development of our economym any Chinese families can afford a car
  2With the development of our economy and societypollution is more and more serious
  3With the rapid development of science and technologypeople can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home
  4With the current social and technological developmentsemployees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed
  举一反三:
  1With the rapid increase of China's populationhousing problem is becoming more and more serious
  随着中国人口的急剧增加,住房问题越来越突出。
  2With more and more women entering societypeople's attitude towards women is changing
  随着越来越多的妇女走入社会,人们对妇女的态度也在改变。
  3With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening upan increasing number of Chinese
  families can afford a car
  随着中国改革开放的深入,越来越多的中国家庭买得起车了。(“越来越多”除了常用的more and more外,还可以用an increasing number of a growing number ofa significant number ofa great number of等来表达。)
  本结构看似固定,实则富于变化,只要记住with有“随着”的意思,相信大家可以根据实际的需要造出更多的句子。
  我们已经看到,开门见山的开头使论文直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。不过在讨论某些有争议性的问题时,就显得有欠缺,因为我们必须在文章的开头引出人们对要讨论的问题的不同看法,然后再表明自己的观点。下面就是专门针对争议性论文的一种句型。

  IVWhen it comes to...,some people think believe that...,others argue claim that opposite reverse is trueThere is probably some truth in both arguments statementsbut...当说到……,有些人认为……,但另一些人则持相反的观点……。这两种观点可能都有点道理,但……。
  本结构先用when it comes to ...引出话题,再用some...others ...这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点,然后说There is some truth in both...表明严谨公正的态度,最后用but...很自然地引出了自己的论点。

 
 
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